About New Zealand

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New Zealand or Aotearoa (Land of the long white cloud), is situated in the southwestern of Pacific Ocean. It is the first country to witness the sunrise every day. New Zealand has a land mass of 268,000km2 and a population of 4.5 million people, making it one of the least densely populated countries in the world. 
Maori was the first people who arrived in New Zealand in the 13th AD, followed by the European in the 19th AD. In 1840, a treaty was signed between the Maoris and representatives of British Queen who claimed sovereignty of the land, which is known as the Treaty of Waitangi. It has now become the founding document of the nation.
 
New Zealand is one of the world's most stable and well-governed nations. As of 2011, the country was ranked 5th in the strength of its democratic institutions and 1st in government transparency and lack of corruption. New Zealand has a high level of civic participation, with 79% voter turnout during the most recent elections, compared to an OECD average of 72%. Furthermore, 67% of New Zealanders say they trust their political institutions, far higher than the OECD average of 56%.
 
New Zealand is a modern and prosperous country. It has a developed market economy with an estimated gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of US$28,250. It has a primarily agriculture based economy where 50% of NZ exports are agricultural products. NZ is the world largest dairy products export country. Fonterra, NZ largest company, contributes to one third of world international dairy trade. In 2008, New Zealand became the first developed nation to have signed a Free Trade Agreement with China. China has become the 2nd largest trading partner of New Zealand.
 
Auckland is NZ largest city. One third of population lives in Auckland. Auckland is a multicultural society. Asians make up the largest minority group in Auckland with 20% of the population, followed by Pacific Islanders (15%) and Maoris (11%). Auckland has a mild climate, plentiful of employment and business opportunities. Most people live in suburban area with plenty of open space and parks and recreation areas. Auckland is also known as City of Sails because its harbour is dotted with yachts and it has the highest per capita in the world with about 135,000 yachts and launches. It is estimated one in three households owns a boat. Auckland is ranked 3rd in the world for quality of living by Mercer in 2011.